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Table 1 Adult ticks naturally infected with Anaplasma, Ehrlichia, Rickettsia, Babesia or Theileria species.

From: Subolesin expression in response to pathogen infection in ticks

Tick species (N) Sex Collection Pathogen infection
R. sanguineus (3) female questing R. conorii
D. marginatus (3) female questing R. conorii
R. bursa (9) female sheep T. annulata
H. lusitanicum (5) male questing B. bigemina
H. m. marginatum (8) male cattle T. buffeli
R. sanguineus (2) female dog E. canis
R. turanicus (2) female sheep A. ovis
R. bursa (3) female sheep A. ovis
  1. Questing and feeding adult ticks were collected in Sicilian farms and analyzed for pathogen infection by PCR or RLB. To define pathogen species infecting ticks, PCR and sequence analysis of cloned amplicons were performed for Anaplasma, Ehrlichia and Rickettsia spp. For Theileria and Babesia spp., RLB results were confirmed at the species level. For analysis of subolesin expression, sex and collection-matching uninfected controls were used. Uninfected ticks were negative for all pathogens analyzed.