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Table 3 Symptoms and clinical findings of hantavirus-infected patients.

From: Cytokine expression during early and late phase of acute Puumala hantavirus infection

Symptoms Frequency
fever 85.9%
lumbalgia 62.5%
headache 54.7%
nausea 45.6%
vomiting 39.1%
abdominal pain 35.9%
myalgia 28.1%
dizziness 25.0%
bradycardia 26.3%
vision disturbance 20.6%
diarrhea 20.3%
cough 21.9%
arthralgia 16.6%
collaps 10.9%
dyspnoea 12.5%
Clinical findings
proteinuria 59/64 (92.2%)
hematuria 48/64 (75.0%)
pathologic findings in chest x-ray 18/43 (41.9%)
ascites 10/35 (28.6%)
splenomegaly 24/43 (55.8%)
hepatomegaly 22/43 (51.2%)
kidney enlargement 35/61 (57.4%)
Unusual clinical findings associated with hantavirus infection
pulmonary edema
acute glaucoma attack
severe neurological involvement
exanthema
abortion
hepatitis
interstitial nephritis
seizure
hypertensive urgency
Liver vein congestion
  1. The frequency of clinical symptoms and findings is shown to point out common and uncommon symptoms. Additionally, unusual clinical findings are depicted separately, these were found once in different patients, respectively.