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Table 1 IL-9, IL-21 and IL-23 plasma levels in healthy controls and ESRD patients with and without CMV seropositivity

From: IL-23 plasma level is strongly associated with CMV status and reactivation of CMV in renal transplant recipients

Parameters Controls (n = 27) ESRD (n = 117) p
IL-9 (pg/ml) 799 ± 2203 435 ± 930 0.74
IL-21 (pg/ml) 368 ± 751 194 ± 213 0.61
IL-23 (pg/ml) 2.9 ± 11 10 ± 17 <0.001
  Controls (n = 27) CMV-IgG- (n = 49)  
IL-9 (pg/ml) 799 ± 2203 336 ± 810 0.53
IL-21 (pg/ml) 368 ± 751 156 ± 175 0.25
IL-23 (pg/ml) 2.9 ± 11 5.4 ± 7.8 0.002
  Controls (n = 27) CMV-IgG+ (n = 68)  
IL-9 (pg/ml) 799 ± 2203 506 ± 1007 0.31
IL-21 (pg/ml) 368 ± 751 221 ± 235 0.96
IL-23 (pg/ml) 2.9 ± 11 14 ± 20 <0.0001
  CMV-IgG- (n = 49) CMV-IgG+ (n = 68)  
IL-9 (pg/ml) 336 ± 810 506 ± 1007 0.02
IL-21 (pg/ml) 156 ± 175 221 ± 235 0.12
IL-23 (pg/ml) 5.4 ± 7.8 14 ± 20 <0.001
  1. Mann-Whitney-U test was used to calculate p values
  2. Data are given as mean ± SD