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Table 1 Characteristics of study participant groups

From: Helios expressing regulatory T cells are correlated with decreased IL-2 producing CD8 T cells and antibody diversity in Mozambican individuals living chronically with HIV-1

  PLWH-C without VS PLWH-C with VS PLWH-E PLWOH
N 12 12 7 9
Age (years), median (IQR) 23 (21–28) 22 (18–27) 22 (21–30) 20 (19–24)
Sex (Female/Male) 7/5 5/7 4/3 5/4
#CD4 (cells/μL), Median (IQR) 477 (324–640)* 525 (462–628)* 604 (401–763) 763 (740–1265)
HIV-1 viral load (median log10 (IQR)) 4.4 (4.1–4.9) Undetectable or < 1.3 4.4 (3.1–5.6) N/A
Time after first positive result** (months),  > 12  > 12 3 N/A
# Participants on ART (N) 4 12 0 N/A
  1. IQR interquartile range. M/F male/female. N/A not applicable. ART antiretroviral therapy. VS viral suppression
  2. *p < 0.05 compared to HIV negative group
  3. ** HIV-1 diagnosis antibodies rapid test