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Table 3 Correlation coefficients between cytokine levels from VL-malaria co-infected patients recruited at Tabarak Allah Hospital, Sudan

From: Cytokine profiles amongst Sudanese patients with visceral leishmaniasis and malaria co-infections

Cytokine correlation
Coefficient rs TNF IL-6 IL-17A IFN-γ IL-12p70 IL-13 IL-10 IL-4 IL-2
TNF   0.80*** 0.63* 0.69** 0.66** 0.75** 0.59* 0.40 0.20
IL- 6    0.55* 0.68** 0.82*** 0.68** 0.61* 0.27 0.13
IL- 17A     0.64** 0.68** 0.70** 0.14 0.30 0.20
IFN-γ      0.75** 0.78** 0.46 0.59* 0.39
IL- 12p70       0.85*** 0.34 0.19 0.34
IL- 13        0.28 0.32 0.53*
IL- 10         0.14 0.12
IL- 4          -0.15
  1. Spearman’s (rs) rank correlations were computed and statistical significance was considered when P <0.001***, P <0.01** or P <0.05*.